The city of Quba is located 170 km to the north of Baku right on the picturesque hillsides. In the past it was the capital of Quba khanate which was founded in the mid -18th century.
The unsurpassed beauty of the local mountains was praised by such famous people as Alexander Duma-father, the Russian writer Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, the Norwegian traveler Tor Heerdal and others.
Indeed, the sceneries of Quba are hard to describe with words. It seems the nature has collected there the brightest colors: juicy greens of the alpine meadows, white snow caps, rapid transparent-blue mountain rivers. Worth visiting are the famous Afurdzhin Waterfall and Tenghi Canyon . The notorius architectural landmarks are Dzhuma Mosque (19th century), Sakina-khanum mosque, Zoroastrian Temple in Khanalyg village, the octagonal mausoleum in Agbil village (16th century), Tengialtyn fortress etc. The symbols of Guba are apple orchards and beautiful Quba carpets which are popular far outside Azerbaijan .
Mausoleums of Agbil
The settlement of Agbil of Quba region is the place where three medieval mausoleums of the 16 century were found. Two of them are traditional rectangular structures. The third mausoleum is completely different due to its original architecture. As a matter of fact this small square building from burnt bricks placed in an octagonal stone pillar. From the outside the mausoleum looks like an octahedron with a high dome and wide portal entrance, and from the inside it is a usual square room.
This mosque was erected in the 19th century. Its construction is typical only for the mosques of Quba province. It looks like a faceted cylinder i.e. has the form of a regular octagon. Inside there is a big hall crowned with a huge 16 m diameter dome. After Dzhuma Mosque had been built in Guba the same constructions began to appear in other areas of Azerbaijan .
Sakina-Khanum Mosque was built in 1854 by the widow of A. Bakikhanov - the well-known Azerbaijan scientist and writer to commemorate her late husband. The mosque amazes with its monumentalism. The building was built from red bricks and is similar to faceted cylinder. Each facet has a window in the form of a semicircular arch. The top of the facade is surrounded by an original eaves made from small bricks. From top this stately building is crowed with a big white metal dome in the shape of a multi-faceted helmet. The top of the dome is decorated by a graceful thin spike.
The village of Khanalyg is located in Quba suburbs but tourists come here all the same to see the well-known local landmark - the ancient Zoroastrian Temple built in the 9th century. This temple stands on the site of "eternal" fire. The villagers - khangali - themselves are historical and ethnic phenomenon. The thing is that they are descendants of ancient Albanian nations. Only about 1,000 in number they have managed to preserve their original language, clothes, household, traditions and ceremonials. This small state within Khanalyg state even has its own laws and regulations. For example it has its own original customs office. Khangali is a unique ethnic group similar to no other living in the world.