Ramana Tower (Azerbaijani: Ramana qalası) – is a tower located in Ramana village of Baku and dated back to the 12th century. Height of the tower is 15 meters. Exact construction date of the tower, which is built of white stone, is not known. It is considered that the tower was built for the purpose of defense and used as a castle during the Shirvanshahs’ reign.
There are two stairs for walking up to the tower walls. It is possible to walk up by spiral stairs from inner side of the tower to a corridor, which was built approximately 3 meters outside from the tower. The other stone stair walks up to the upper side of the tower from the garden. By means of these stairs it is possible to walk up to the tower walls and look at the village.
Unlike Mardakan Castle, a natural location of Ramana Castle is different – it is located on the rocks. The strong tower walls supposedly are natural continuation of rocky slopes. There is an arch in the eastern wall of the tower.
There is a strong rectangular donjon on the walls of the castle like a donjon of the Mardakan Castle. Entrances standing opposite to each other have a favourable condition of serving for defense. But unlike other towers of Absheron Rayon the entrance with spiral stairs of this castle is not at a height, it is at the level of ground. There are windows for shooting in all walls of the layers.
Ramana Tower is similar with other towers of Absheron for its plan and architecture. But it differs from them for its more picturesque composition of the architecture. It is because of the relief the tower located on. The tower hasn’t any decorative design and according to style its history is dated back to the 14th century.